Maine Legislative Council Rejects Bill for Electric Vehicle Regulation Oversight
The Maine State Legislative Council has unanimously voted against a bill proposed by Rep. Joshua Morris (R-Turner) that aimed to implement legislative oversight for state electric vehicle regulation. This bill was just one of 225 proposed bills that were rejected by the Council in preparation for the upcoming legislative session.
Out of the numerous bills proposed by legislators, only 58 were approved for debate next year. The Legislative Council is responsible for administrative tasks within the State Legislature and is composed of ten elected members of legislative leadership. They have the authority to screen and approve requests for introducing legislation during legislative sessions.
Morris’ bill was in response to recent actions taken by the Maine Board of Environmental Protection (Maine BEP), which proposed California-style vehicle emissions regulations that would affect the sale of new cars in Maine. The Maine BEP intends to require that 43% of new cars sold in the state be zero-emissions vehicles (ZEVs) by 2027 and 82% by 2032.
However, before the final vote can be taken, the Maine BEP must respond to over a thousand public comments on the proposed rule change. Despite the push for these regulations, Morris believes that implementing them would lead to significant challenges, particularly in Maine’s cold winter nights and during power outages in rural areas.
The rules were initiated through Maine’s citizen initiative process, which allows anyone to request a rule change by submitting a petition signed by at least 150 registered voters supporting the request. The Natural Resources Council of Maine (NRCM), an organization focused on environmental conservation, utilized this process to bring the emissions regulations before the Maine BEP.
If adopted, these regulations would phase out the sale of gas-powered cars in favor of ZEVs, including hybrid and electric vehicles, within the next few years. Morris testified against the rule changes, arguing that they would be detrimental to Maine residents.
Supporters of the regulations emphasize the environmental benefits of transitioning away from traditional internal-combustion vehicles. However, opponents highlight practical obstacles, such as Maine’s lack of charging infrastructure and its cold climate, which negatively impact the performance of electric vehicles.
The Maine BEP acknowledged the lack of charging infrastructure as a reason for rejecting the proposed rule change concerning medium- and heavy-duty trucks. However, the Board remains unconcerned about this issue in relation to the new passenger vehicle regulations.
Affordability is another point of contention, with supporters arguing that the operating costs of ZEVs are lower than those of traditional cars. Opponents, on the other hand, point out the high upfront investment required for ZEVs, particularly for low- and middle-income individuals.
The Maine BEP is scheduled to reconvene in December to discuss and vote on potential adjustments to the ZEV mandates before their final adoption.